Reading Recovery uses supportive conversations between teacher and child as the primary basis of instruction. This teacher-child talk has been found to be an effective method for experts (teachers) to help beginners (students) take on complex tasks (such as reading) (Cazden, 1988; Kelly, Klein, & Pinnell, 1994) and is a particular need of children having difficulty in school (Clay & Cazden, 1990). The Reading Recovery lesson follows a routine framework of activities that are individually designed based on a daily analysis of student progress by the teacher. Each lesson has seven distinct parts:

1.Child rereads several familiar books. These stories come from a variety of publishers and represent a wide range of narrative and expository texts of varying difficulty levels.

2.Child rereads a book introduced the lesson prior while teacher observes and records the child's reading behaviors.

3.Child does some letter identification and learning how words work.

4.Child writes a story with teacher providing opportunities for the child to hear and record sounds in words.

5.Child rearranges his or her story from a cut-up sentence strip provided by the teacher.

6.Teacher introduces a new book carefully selected for its learning opportunities.

7.Child reads the new book orchestrating his or her current problem-solving strategies.


by Stanley L. Swartz and Adria F. Klein

Reading Recovery is an early intervention program designed by Marie M. Clay (1979, 1985) to assist children in first grade who are having difficulty learning to read and write. Children eligible for the program are identified by their classroom teachers as the lowest in their class in reading acquisition. Children who are not taking on reading and writing through regular instruction receive a short-term, individually designed program of instruction that allows them to succeed before they enter a cycle of failure. Reading Recovery is designed to move children in a short time from the bottom of their class to the average, where they can profit from regular classroom instruction.

The goal of Reading Recovery is accelerated learning. Children are expected to make faster than average progress so that they can catch up with other children in their class. Reading Recovery provides one-to-one tutoring, five days per week, 30 minutes a day, by a specially trained teacher. The daily lessons during these 30 minute sessions consist of a variety of reading and writing experiences that are designed to help children develop their own effective strategies for literacy acquisition. Instruction continues until children can read at or above the class average and can continue to learn without later remedial help. Reading Recovery is supplemental to classroom instruction and lasts an average of 12-20 weeks, at the end of which children have developed a self-extending system that uses a variety of strategies to read increasingly difficult text and to independently write their own messages.

Welcome From Reading Recovery Teacher

My name is Angela Beckham and I am the Reading Recovery Teacher/Academic Intervention Teacher/IEP Teacher. As the Reading Recovery Teacher I provide intensive literacy intervention to students in the first grade. Below you will find a detailed description of the program. As the Academic Intervention Teacher, I work to  provide academic intervention to students and support to teachers in the first and second grade in the area of literacy. As the IEP Teacher, I work closely with the School Based Support Team, Special Education Teachers, and Related Service Providers and help to coordinate the various services. If you need to reach me, you can call me at the school or email me at It is always a pleasure to meet and talk with you.